Hamlet: Act 2, Scene 1
Enter old POLONIUS with his
1Give him this money and these notes, Reynaldo.
2I will, my lord.
3. marvel's: marvellously.
3You shall do marvel's wisely, good Reynaldo,
4-5. make inquire / Of his behavior: make inquiries about his behavior.
4Before you visit him, to make inquire
5Of his behavior.
5My lord, I did intend it.
6Marry, well said; very well said. Look you, sir,
7. Inquire me first: first of all, for me, inquire. Danskers: Danes. 8-9. And . . . expense: i.e., and everything about them. ...more 9-12. and finding . . . touch it: i.e., and by findingby this roundabout method and drift of conversationthat they do know my son, you will come much closer [to the truth about him] than your direct questions would bring out. 13. Take you, as 'twere, some distant knowledge of him: i.e., pretend that you know him only in a distant way.
7Inquire me first what Danskers are in Paris;
8And how, and who, what means, and where they keep,
9What company, at what expense; and finding
10By this encompassment and drift of question
11That they do know my son, come you more nearer
12Than your particular demands will touch it:
13Take you, as 'twere, some distant knowledge of him;
14As thus, "I know his father and his friends,
15. Do you mark this, Reynaldo?: do you understand what I have just said, Reynaldo?
15And in part him." Do you mark this, Reynaldo?
16Ay, very well, my lord.
17"And in part himbut," you may say "not well.
18But, if't be he I mean, he's very wild;
19. put on him: impute to him.
19Addicted so and so," and there put on him
20. forgeries: invented charges.
20What forgeries you please; marry, none so rank
21As may dishonor him; take heed of that;
22. wanton: sportive, careless.
22But, sir, such wanton, wild and usual slips
23As are companions noted and most known
24To youth and liberty.
24. gaming: gambling.
24As gaming, my lord.
25Ay, or drinking, fencing, swearing, quarrelling,
26. Drabbing: Whoring.
26Drabbing: you may go so far.
27My lord, that would dishonor him.
28. 'Faith: in faith; truly. season: temper, soften.
28'Faith, no; as you may season it in the charge.
29You must not put another scandal on him,
30. is open to incontinency: welcomes and habitually practices loose behavior. 31. quaintly: delicately, artfully.
30That he is open to incontinency;
31That's not my meaning: but breathe his faults so quaintly
32. taints of liberty: minor faults resulting from freedom.
32That they may seem the taints of liberty,
33The flash and outbreak of a fiery mind,
34. unreclaimed: untamed.
34A savageness in unreclaimed blood,
35. Of general assault: i.e., to which young men are generally subject.
35Of general assault.
35But, my good lord
36Wherefore should you do this?
36Ay, my lord,
37I would know that.
37Marry, sir, here's my drift;
38. fetch of wit: ingenious trick.
38And I believe, it is a fetch of wit:
39. sullies: blemishes.
39You laying these slight sullies on my son,
40. a thing a little soil'd i' the working: i.e., something that got a smudge or two as it was being made.
40As 'twere a thing a little soil'd i' the working,
42Your party in converse, him you would sound,
43-44. Having . . . guilty: if he has ever seen the youth you mention [Laertes] to be guilty of the aforementioned faults. 45. closes with you in this consequence: falls in with you as follows.
43Having ever seen in the prenominate crimes
44The youth you breathe of guilty, be assured
45He closes with you in this consequence;
46"Good sir," or so, or "friend," or "gentleman,"
47-48. According to the phrase or the addition / Of man and country: according to the usual form of address and title appropriate to the man and the country he comes from.
47According to the phrase or the addition
48Of man and country.
48Very good, my lord.
49And then, sir, does he thishe doeswhat was I about to say?
50By the mass, I was about to say something.
51Where did I leave?
51At "closes in the consequence."
52At "closes in the consequence," ay, marry;
53He closes thus: "I know the gentleman;
54I saw him yesterday, or t' other day,
55Or then, or then; with such, or such; and, as you say,
56. o'ertook in's rouse: overcome by drink.
56There was a' gaming; there o'ertook in's rouse;
57. falling out at tennis: quarreling over a game of tennis.
57There falling out at tennis:" or perchance,
58"I saw him enter such a house of sale,"
59. Videlicet: namely. (Latin.)
59Videlicet, a brothel, or so forth. See you now;
60. carp: i.e., fish.
60Your bait of falsehood takes this carp of truth:
61. reach: capacity, understanding.
61And thus do we of wisdom and of reach,
62. windlasses: i.e., slow, subtle methods. ...more
62With windlasses and with assays of bias,
63. directions: the way things are going; i.e., the truth.
63By indirections find directions out:
64So by my former lecture and advice,
65. have me: understand me.
65Shall you my son. You have me, have you not?
66My lord, I have.
66. God buy ye: good-bye. "God buy ye" is a contraction of "God be with you."
66God buy you; fare ye well.
67Good my lord!
68. in yourself: for yourself. Polonius wants Reynaldo to make his own observations, as well as asking Laertes' acquaintances about him.
68Observe his inclination in yourself.
69I shall, my lord.
70. let him ply his music: see that he continues to apply himself to his study of music.
70And let him ply his music.
70. Well: i.e., all is well; I understand and will follow your instructions.
70Well, my lord.
71How now, Ophelia! what's the matter?
72O, my lord, my lord, I have been so affrighted!
73With what, i' the name of God?
74. closet: private room.
74My lord, as I was sewing in my closet,
75. doublet: close-fitting jacketa very common article of clothing. unbrac'd: unfastened, unlaced. 76. stockings fouled: stockings dirty. 77. down-gyved: hanging down [like gyves (fetters) on a prisoner's legs].
75Lord Hamlet, with his doublet all unbraced;
76No hat upon his head; his stockings foul'd,
77Ungarter'd, and down-gyved to his ankle;
78Pale as his shirt; his knees knocking each other;
79And with a look so piteous in purport
80As if he had been loosed out of hell
81To speak of horrorshe comes before me.
82Mad for thy love?
82My lord, I do not know;
83But truly, I do fear it.
83What said he?
84He took me by the wrist and held me hard;
85Then goes he to the length of all his arm;
86And, with his other hand thus o'er his brow,
87He falls to such perusal of my face
88As he would draw it. Long stay'd he so;
89At last, a little shaking of mine arm
90And thrice his head thus waving up and down,
91He raised a sigh so piteous and profound
92. all his bulk: his whole body.
92As it did seem to shatter all his bulk
93And end his being: that done, he lets me go:
94And, with his head over his shoulder turn'd,
95He seem'd to find his way without his eyes;
96For out o' doors he went without their helps,
97And, to the last, bended their light on me.
98Come, go with me: I will go seek the king.
99. ecstasy: madness.
99This is the very ecstasy of love,
100. property: nature, quality. fordoes: destroys.
100Whose violent property fordoes itself
101And leads the will to desperate undertakings
102As oft as any passion under heaven
103That does afflict our natures. I am sorry.
104What, have you given him any hard words of late?
105No, my good lord, but, as you did command,
106I did repel his letters and denied
107His access to me.
107That hath made him mad.
108I am sorry that with better heed and judgment
109. quoted: observed.
109I had not quoted him: I fear'd he did but trifle,
110. beshrew my jealousy: a plague upon my suspicious mind. 111. proper to our age: i.e., characteristic of men of my age. 112. To cast ... discretion: i.e., to over-think things, as it is common for younger people to not think at all.
110And meant to wreck thee; but, beshrew my jealousy!
111By heaven, it is as proper to our age
112To cast beyond ourselves in our opinions
113As it is common for the younger sort
114To lack discretion. Come, go we to the king:
115-116. which, being kept close, might move / More grief to hide than hate to utter love: which, being kept secret, might cause more displeasure [in others] because it has been hidden, than hatred because it has been revealed from good motives. In this passage, the word "love" has the meaning it has in the phrase "love of your country."
115This must be known; which, being kept close, might move
116More grief to hide than hate to utter love.